Study tour 1:
Parco Regionale
Migliarino - San Rossore - Massaciuccoli
One park, four estates and many options

Parco Naturale Migliarino San Rossore Massaciuccoli, situated between Pisa and the sea, offers a wide range of opportunities to experience the changing relationships between land and water. The variety of visitor management policies for the former, large estates and other conditions pose challenges for heritage interpretation. Each estate is characterised by its own assembly of natural, cultural and architectural features resulting in opportunities and challenges.

The park management will provide an introduction to this interesting area. The study tour will then give us the opportunity to compare two of the most important sites.

The Lake of Massaciuccoli, which is managed by an NGO, specialises in providing wonderful opportunities for bird watching. An exhibition about the lake in the visitor centre is an interesting example for interpretation without any written text and done on a low budget. It is aimed ostensibly at children but is in fact excellent for everyone!
In the afternoon we will experience the San Rossore estate in horse-drawn carriages. We will explore the coastal area where visitor access is restricted because of the important, rare and unspoiled dune landscape and vegetation.

At historic Cascine Nuovo there will be an opportunity collectively to develop ideas for a strategy to develop heritage interpretation further in these complex and divers protected areas.

A boat trip on the River Arno back to the hotel will complete this day's experiences.

Study tour 2:
Carrara - world famous name and shrinking mountains

Great palaces, noble houses, impressive statues, and even kitchen work-surfaces make us think of Carrara marble. But what does the worldwide market for this beautiful stone mean for the region, for people living there, for the natural environment, and for interpretive opportunities?

We will visit the marble quarries where we have the chance to experience the mountains from inside.

Two very different museums invite discussions about the potential for heritage interpretation in such an extraordinary place - marble is everywhere and everything is made of marble.

The Marble Museum of Carrara is run by the community and provides an overview of the history and culture of marble from the region.

At Massa, the Apuan Ethnological Museum aims to develop a picture of the popular culture of the Alpi Apuane and the coast. It was founded in 1980 by a priest and passionate collector, and the Social Humanism Movement for the Nobility of Human Labour, it is run by enthusiastic volunteers. They are committed to preserve and pass on their regional heritage to coming generations and have collected thousands of artefacts.

We will discuss opportunities and challenges for visitor-oriented interpretation in a low budget environment.


"I can't understand why people are frightened of new ideas. I'm frightened of the old ones."
John Cage